Sculpting in time

Do one thing and do it well.
Every story has a beginning and an end.

9 分钟

Kevin Kelly - 著名的科技评论家,他的著作《失控》在国内外都非常有名。



Learn how to learn from those you disagree with, or even offend you. See if you can find the truth in what they believe.

  1. 学习如何从那些你不同意的,甚至是冒犯你的人身上学习。看看你是否能从他们的信仰中找到真理。

Being enthusiastic is worth 25 IQ points.

  1. 热情是价值25个智商点。

Always demand a deadline. A deadline weeds out the extraneous and the ordinary. It prevents you from trying to make it perfect, so you have to make it different. Different is better.

  1. 总是要求一个最后期限。一个最后期限可以剔除不相干的东西和普通的东西。它可以防止你试图使它完美,所以你必须使它与众不同。与众不同就是更好。

Don’t be afraid to ask a question that may sound stupid because 99% of the time everyone else is thinking of the same question and is too embarrassed to ask it.

  1. 不要害怕问一个可能听起来很愚蠢的问题,因为99%的时候其他人都在想同样的问题,但却不好意思问。

Being able to listen well is a superpower. While listening to someone you love keep asking them “Is there more?”, until there is no more.

  1. 能够善于倾听是一种超能力。在倾听你所爱的人时,不断问他们 “还有吗?",直到没有了。

A worthy goal for a year is to learn enough about a subject so that you can’t believe how ignorant you were a year earlier.

  1. 一年中一个有价值的目标是学习足够的知识,使你无法相信一年前你是多么无知。

Gratitude will unlock all other virtues and is something you can get better at.

  1. 感恩将开启所有其他美德,是你可以变得更好的东西。

Treating a person to a meal never fails, and is so easy to do. It’s powerful with old friends and a great way to make new friends.

  1. 请一个人吃一顿饭永远不会失败,而且很容易做到。这对老朋友来说很有力量,也是结交新朋友的好方法。

Don’t trust all-purpose glue.

  1. 不要相信万能的胶水。

Reading to your children regularly will bond you together and kickstart their imaginations.

  1. 经常给你的孩子读书,会把你们联系在一起,启动他们的想象力。

Never use a credit card for credit. The only kind of credit, or debt, that is acceptable is debt to acquire something whose exchange value is extremely likely to increase, like in a home. The exchange value of most things diminishes or vanishes the moment you purchase them. Don’t be in debt to losers.

  1. 永远不要用信用卡来赊账。唯一可以接受的信贷,或者说债务,是用来购买交换价值极有可能增加的东西的债务,比如房子。大多数东西的交换价值在你购买它们的那一刻就会减少或消失了。不要为失败者负债。

Pros are just amateurs who know how to gracefully recover from their mistakes.

  1. 专业人士只是业余人士,他们知道如何优雅地从错误中恢复。

Extraordinary claims should require extraordinary evidence to be believed.

  1. 非凡的主张应该需要非凡的证据才能被相信。

Don’t be the smartest person in the room. Hangout with, and learn from, people smarter than yourself. Even better, find smart people who will disagree with you.

  1. 不要成为房间里最聪明的人。与比自己聪明的人交往,并向他们学习。甚至更好的是,找到那些会与你意见相左的聪明人。

Rule of 3 in conversation. To get to the real reason, ask a person to go deeper than what they just said. Then again, and once more. The third time’s answer is close to the truth.

  1. 谈话中的三条规则。为了找到真正的原因,请一个人比他们刚才说的更深入。然后再来一次,再来一次。第三次的答案就接近真相了。

Don’t be the best. Be the only.

  1. 不要做最好的。要做唯一的。

Everyone is shy. Other people are waiting for you to introduce yourself to them, they are waiting for you to send them an email, they are waiting for you to ask them on a date. Go ahead.

  1. 每个人都是害羞的。其他人在等待你向他们介绍自己,他们在等待你向他们发送电子邮件,他们在等待你邀请他们约会。去吧。

Don’t take it personally when someone turns you down. Assume they are like you: busy, occupied, distracted. Try again later. It’s amazing how often a second try works.

  1. 当有人拒绝你时,不要太在意。假设他们和你一样:忙,被占用,分心。以后再试。令人惊讶的是,第二次尝试往往会奏效。

The purpose of a habit is to remove that action from self-negotiation. You no longer expend energy deciding whether to do it. You just do it. Good habits can range from telling the truth, to flossing.

  1. 习惯的目的是将该行动从自我协商中移除。你不再花费精力来决定是否要做这件事。你只是做了它。好的习惯可以从说实话到使用牙线。

Promptness is a sign of respect.

  1. 准时是尊重的标志。

When you are young spend at least 6 months to one year living as poor as you can, owning as little as you possibly can, eating beans and rice in a tiny room or tent, to experience what your “worst” lifestyle might be. That way any time you have to risk something in the future you won’t be afraid of the worst case scenario.

  1. 当你年轻的时候,至少花6个月到1年的时间,尽可能地过着贫穷的生活,尽可能少地拥有自己的东西,在一个小房间或帐篷里吃豆子和米饭,以体验你 “最坏 “的生活方式可能是什么。这样一来,当你将来要冒什么风险时,你就不会害怕最坏的情况了。

Trust me: There is no “them”.

  1. 相信我。没有什么 “他们”。

The more you are interested in others, the more interesting they find you. To be interesting, be interested.

  1. 你对别人越感兴趣,别人就越觉得你有趣。要想变得有趣,就要有兴趣。

Optimize your generosity. No one on their deathbed has ever regretted giving too much away.

  1. 优化你的慷慨。没有人在临终前会后悔付出了太多。

To make something good, just do it. To make something great, just re-do it, re-do it, re-do it. The secret to making fine things is in remaking them.

  1. 要做一件好事,就去做。要想做出伟大的东西,就重做,重做,重做。做出好东西的秘诀在于重塑它们。

The Golden Rule will never fail you. It is the foundation of all other virtues.

  1. 黄金法则永远不会让你失望。它是所有其他美德的基础。

If you are looking for something in your house, and you finally find it, when you’re done with it, don’t put it back where you found it. Put it back where you first looked for it.

  1. 如果你在家里找东西,最后找到了,当你用完后,不要把它放回你找到它的地方。把它放回你第一次寻找它的地方。

Saving money and investing money are both good habits. Small amounts of money invested regularly for many decades without deliberation is one path to wealth.

  1. 存钱和投资都是好习惯。几十年来不加思索地定期投资少量资金是通向财富的一个途径。

To make mistakes is human. To own your mistakes is divine. Nothing elevates a person higher than quickly admitting and taking personal responsibility for the mistakes you make and then fixing them fairly. If you mess up, fess up. It’s astounding how powerful this ownership is.

  1. 犯错误是人之常情。拥有自己的错误是神圣的。没有什么比迅速承认并为你所犯的错误承担个人责任,然后公平地纠正它们更能提升一个人的地位。如果你搞砸了,承认吧。这种所有权的力量是令人震惊的。

Never get involved in a land war in Asia.

  1. 永远不要卷入亚洲的土地战争。

You can obsess about serving your customers/audience/clients, or you can obsess about beating the competition. Both work, but of the two, obsessing about your customers will take you further.

  1. 你可以执着于服务你的客户/听众/客户,也可以执着于击败竞争对手。两者都有效,但在这两者中,执着于你的客户会让你走得更远。

Show up. Keep showing up. Somebody successful said: 99% of success is just showing up.

  1. 表现,不断表现,某位成功人士说。99%的成功就是表现。

Separate the processes of creation from improving. You can’t write and edit, or sculpt and polish, or make and analyze at the same time. If you do, the editor stops the creator. While you invent, don’t select. While you sketch, don’t inspect. While you write the first draft, don’t reflect. At the start, the creator mind must be unleashed from judgement.

  1. 把创作和改进的过程分开。你不能同时进行写作和编辑,或雕刻和抛光,或制作和分析。如果你这样做,编辑会阻止创造者。当你发明时,不要选择。当你画草图时,不要检查。当你写第一稿时,不要反思。在开始时,创造者的头脑必须从判断中解放出来。

If you are not falling down occasionally, you are just coasting.

  1. 如果你没有偶尔摔倒,你就只是在滑行。

Perhaps the most counter-intuitive truth of the universe is that the more you give to others, the more you’ll get. Understanding this is the beginning of wisdom.

  1. 也许宇宙中最反直觉的真理是,你给别人的越多,你得到的就越多。了解这一点是智慧的开始。

Friends are better than money. Almost anything money can do, friends can do better. In so many ways a friend with a boat is better than owning a boat.

  1. 朋友比金钱更好。几乎所有金钱能做的事,朋友都能做得更好。在许多方面,有船的朋友比拥有一艘船要好。

This is true: It’s hard to cheat an honest man.

  1. 这是真的:很难欺骗一个诚实的人。

When an object is lost, 95% of the time it is hiding within arm’s reach of where it was last seen. Search in all possible locations in that radius and you’ll find it.

  1. 当一件物品丢失时,95%的时间它都藏在最后一次见到它的地方的一臂范围内。在这个半径内所有可能的位置进行搜索,你就会找到它。

You are what you do. Not what you say, not what you believe, not how you vote, but what you spend your time on.

  1. 你就是你所做的。不是你说什么,不是你相信什么,不是你如何投票,而是你把时间花在什么地方。

If you lose or forget to bring a cable, adapter or charger, check with your hotel. Most hotels now have a drawer full of cables, adapters and chargers others have left behind, and probably have the one you are missing. You can often claim it after borrowing it.

  1. 如果你丢失或忘记带电缆、适配器或充电器,请向你的酒店查询。现在大多数酒店都有一个抽屉,里面装满了别人留下的电缆、适配器和充电器,可能就有你丢失的那个。你通常可以在借到它之后认领它。

Hatred is a curse that does not affect the hated. It only poisons the hater. Release a grudge as if it was a poison.

  1. 仇恨是一种诅咒,不会影响被仇恨者。它只会毒害憎恨者。释放怨恨就像释放毒药一样。

There is no limit on better. Talent is distributed unfairly, but there is no limit on how much we can improve what we start with.

  1. 更好的东西是没有限制的。人才的分配是不公平的,但我们能在多大程度上改善我们的起点是没有限制的。

Be prepared: When you are 90% done any large project (a house, a film, an event, an app) the rest of the myriad details will take a second 90% to complete.

  1. 做好准备。当你完成任何大型项目(房子、电影、活动、应用程序)的90%时,其余的无数细节将需要第二个90%来完成。

When you die you take absolutely nothing with you except your reputation.

  1. 当你死的时候,除了你的名声,你绝对带不走任何东西。

Before you are old, attend as many funerals as you can bear, and listen. Nobody talks about the departed’s achievements. The only thing people will remember is what kind of person you were while you were achieving.

  1. 在你年老之前,尽可能多地参加你能承受的葬礼,并倾听。没有人谈论离世者的成就。人们唯一会记得的是你在取得成就时是个什么样的人。

For every dollar you spend purchasing something substantial, expect to pay a dollar in repairs, maintenance, or disposal by the end of its life.

  1. 你每花一美元购买一件实质性的东西,就会在其生命结束时支付一美元的维修、保养或处理费用。

Anything real begins with the fiction of what could be. Imagination is therefore the most potent force in the universe, and a skill you can get better at. It’s the one skill in life that benefits from ignoring what everyone else knows.

  1. 任何真实的东西都始于对可能发生的事情的虚构。因此,想象力是宇宙中最强大的力量,也是一种你可以变得更好的技能。它是生活中的一种技能,可以从忽视其他人知道的事情中获益。

When crisis and disaster strike, don’t waste them. No problems, no progress.

  1. 当危机和灾难来临时,不要浪费它们。没有问题,就没有进步。

On vacation go to the most remote place on your itinerary first, bypassing the cities. You’ll maximize the shock of otherness in the remote, and then later you’ll welcome the familiar comforts of a city on the way back.

  1. 度假时先去你行程中最偏远的地方,绕过城市。你会在偏远的地方最大限度地感受到另类的冲击,然后在回来的路上,你会欢迎城市中熟悉的舒适感。

When you get an invitation to do something in the future, ask yourself: would you accept this if it was scheduled for tomorrow? Not too many promises will pass that immediacy filter.

  1. 当你收到在未来做某事的邀请时,问问自己:如果是安排在明天,你会接受吗?没有太多的承诺会通过这种即时性的过滤。

Don’t say anything about someone in email you would not be comfortable saying to them directly, because eventually they will read it.

  1. 不要在电子邮件中说任何你不愿意直接对他们说的关于某人的事情,因为最终他们会读到它。

If you desperately need a job, you are just another problem for a boss; if you can solve many of the problems the boss has right now, you are hired. To be hired, think like your boss.

  1. 如果你迫切需要一份工作,你只是老板的另一个问题;如果你能解决老板现在的许多问题,你就会被录用。要想被雇用,就要像你的老板那样思考。

Art is in what you leave out.

  1. 艺术在于你所遗漏的东西。

Acquiring things will rarely bring you deep satisfaction. But acquiring experiences will.

  1. 获得的东西很少会给你带来深刻的满足感。但获得经验会。

Rule of 7 in research. You can find out anything if you are willing to go seven levels. If the first source you ask doesn’t know, ask them who you should ask next, and so on down the line. If you are willing to go to the 7th source, you’ll almost always get your answer.

  1. 研究中的七条规则。如果你愿意进入七个层次,你可以发现任何东西。如果你问的第一个来源不知道,就问他们你应该问下一个人,以此类推。如果你愿意去找第七个来源,你几乎总是能得到答案。

How to apologize: Quickly, specifically, sincerely.

  1. 如何道歉。快速、具体、真诚地道歉。

Don’t ever respond to a solicitation or a proposal on the phone. The urgency is a disguise.

  1. 永远不要在电话中对招标或提案作出回应。迫切性是一种伪装。

When someone is nasty, rude, hateful, or mean with you, pretend they have a disease. That makes it easier to have empathy toward them which can soften the conflict.

  1. 当有人对你讨厌、粗鲁、憎恨或刻薄时,假装他们有病。这使你更容易对他们产生共鸣,从而缓和冲突。

Eliminating clutter makes room for your true treasures.

  1. 消除杂乱无章的东西,为你真正的宝藏提供空间。

You really don’t want to be famous. Read the biography of any famous person.

  1. 你真的不想成名。阅读任何名人的传记。

Experience is overrated. When hiring, hire for aptitude, train for skills. Most really amazing or great things are done by people doing them for the first time.

  1. 经验被高估了。在招聘时,为能力而招聘,为技能而培训。大多数真正惊人或伟大的事情都是由第一次做的人完成的。

A vacation + a disaster = an adventure.

  1. 一个假期+一场灾难=一次冒险。

Buying tools: Start by buying the absolute cheapest tools you can find. Upgrade the ones you use a lot. If you wind up using some tool for a job, buy the very best you can afford.

  1. 购买工具。从购买你能找到的绝对最便宜的工具开始。升级那些你经常使用的工具。如果你在工作中最终使用了某种工具,就买你能负担得起的最好的。

Learn how to take a 20-minute power nap without embarrassment.

  1. 学习如何在没有尴尬的情况下打20分钟的盹。

Following your bliss is a recipe for paralysis if you don’t know what you are passionate about. A better motto for most youth is “master something, anything”. Through mastery of one thing, you can drift towards extensions of that mastery that bring you more joy, and eventually discover where your bliss is.

  1. 如果你不知道自己对什么有热情,跟着自己的兴趣走是一种瘫痪的方法。对大多数年轻人来说,一个更好的座右铭是 “掌握一些东西,任何东西”。通过对一件事的掌握,你可以朝着能给你带来更多快乐的掌握的延伸方向发展,并最终发现你的幸福在哪里。

I’m positive that in 100 years much of what I take to be true today will be proved to be wrong, maybe even embarrassingly wrong, and I try really hard to identify what it is that I am wrong about today.

  1. 我很肯定,在100年后,我今天所认为的许多事情将被证明是错误的,甚至可能是令人尴尬的错误,而我非常努力地找出我今天所错的地方。

Over the long term, the future is decided by optimists. To be an optimist you don’t have to ignore all the many problems we create; you just have to imagine improving our capacity to solve problems.

  1. 从长远来看,未来是由乐观主义者决定的。要成为一个乐观主义者,你不必忽视我们制造的所有许多问题;你只需要想象改善我们解决问题的能力。

The universe is conspiring behind your back to make you a success. This will be much easier to do if you embrace this pronoia.

  1. 宇宙在你背后密谋使你获得成功。如果你接受了这一原则,这将更容易做到。




Keep thinking, Stay curious
Always be sensitive to new things